What You Need to Know About Gum Disease

Girl with dental anxiety

Periodontal disease, according to the Gum Disease Information Bureau, affects three out of four adults (over 35) in the UK. This condition is not something that occurs later in life, as many teenagers suffer from some form of gum disease. Common symptoms include bleeding gums (especially when brushing and flossing), as well as red and sore tissues.

Plaque or the sticky, clear film of bacteria that usually forms on the teeth causes gum disease. If not removed regularly with brushing or flossing, plaque is likely to accumulate, and the bacteria will affect your teeth, gums, and the bone supporting the teeth. Dentists in Solihull note that this may cause your teeth to become loose and eventually fall out or require extraction.

Here are the three stages of gum disease:

Mild Gingivitis

This does not show any painful or overly visible symptoms, so it is likely that you do not know you have it. The gums may look red, but it is common to overlook this symptom. You may likewise notice some bleeding. At this stage, the condition can be reversed with proper brushing and flossing, as well as visiting the dentist.

Moderate Gingivitis

This causes more visible reddening and swelling of the gums. The gums may also bleed when you brush and floss your teeth. This requires improved dental hygiene and proper treatment to prevent further damage.

Periodontitis

This advanced form of gum disease destroys your gum tissues and the bone that supports the teeth. Other symptoms include bad breath, a foul taste in the mouth or pus forming between teeth and gums. Advanced or aggressive treatment may be available, but it is more common for the teeth to fall out or require extraction.

The sad part about gum disease is that you may not know you have it until you notice or experience the symptoms. This is why you should visit your dentist regularly for check-ups and professional cleaning.